[FFmpeg-devel] [PATCHv2] avutil/mathematics: speed up av_gcd by using Stein's binary GCD algorithm

James Almer jamrial at gmail.com
Tue Oct 20 06:52:54 CEST 2015

On 10/11/2015 12:45 AM, Michael Niedermayer wrote:
> On Sat, Oct 10, 2015 at 09:58:47PM -0400, Ganesh Ajjanagadde wrote:
>> This uses Stein's binary GCD algorithm:
>> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_GCD_algorithm
>> to get a roughly 4x speedup over Euclidean GCD on standard architectures
>> with a compiler intrinsic for ctzll, and a roughly 2x speedup otherwise.
>> At the moment, the compiler intrinsic is used on GCC and Clang due to
>> its easy availability.
>> Quick note regarding overflow: yes, subtractions on int64_t can, but the
>> llabs takes care of that. The llabs is also guaranteed to be safe, with
>> no annoying INT64_MIN business since INT64_MIN being a power of 2, is
>> shifted down before being sent to llabs.
>> The binary GCD needs ff_ctzll, an extension of ff_ctz for long long (int64_t). On
>> GCC, this is provided by a built-in. On Microsoft, there is a
>> BitScanForward64 analog of BitScanForward that should work; but I can't confirm.
>> Apparently it is not available on 32 bit builds; so this may or may not
>> work correctly. On Intel, per the documentation there is only an
>> intrinsic for _bit_scan_forward and people have posted on forums
>> regarding _bit_scan_forward64, but often their documentation is
>> woeful. Again, I don't have it, so I can't test.
>> As such, to be safe, for now only the GCC/Clang intrinsic is added, the rest
>> use a compiled version based on the De-Bruijn method of Leiserson et al:
>> http://supertech.csail.mit.edu/papers/debruijn.pdf.
>> Tested with FATE, sample benchmark (x86-64, GCC 5.2.0, Haswell)
>> with a START_TIMER and STOP_TIMER in libavutil/rationsl.c, followed by a
>> make fate.
>> aac-am00_88.err:
>> builtin:
>> 714 decicycles in av_gcd,    4095 runs,      1 skips
>> de-bruijn:
>> 1440 decicycles in av_gcd,    4096 runs,      0 skips
>> previous:
>> 2889 decicycles in av_gcd,    4096 runs,      0 skips
>> Signed-off-by: Ganesh Ajjanagadde <gajjanagadde at gmail.com>
>> ---
>>  libavutil/intmath.h     | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
>>  libavutil/mathematics.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
>>  2 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> applied
> thanks

This broke fate with -ftrapv
I can reproduce this with GCC 5 on x86_64 ArchLinux as well.

The problem seems to be in av_gcd() and not the De-Bruijn version of
ff_ctzll since the gcc builtin is being used.

More information about the ffmpeg-devel mailing list