[FFmpeg-cvslog] avformat/matroskaenc: Avoid unnecessary seek

Andreas Rheinhardt git at videolan.org
Tue May 19 02:50:50 EEST 2020

ffmpeg | branch: master | Andreas Rheinhardt <andreas.rheinhardt at gmail.com> | Sat May  2 03:55:23 2020 +0200| [efeb3a53adddfba7b06131ee9d36a0c567ddf7d8] | committer: Andreas Rheinhardt

avformat/matroskaenc: Avoid unnecessary seek

The Matroska muxer has a pair of functions designed to write master
elements whose exact length is not known in advance: start_ebml_master()
and end_ebml_master(). The first one of these would write the EBML ID of
the master element that is about to be started, reserve some bytes for
the length field and record the current position as well as how many
bytes were used for the length field. When writing the master's contents
is finished, end_ebml_master() gets the current position (at the end of
the master element), seeks to the length field using the recorded
position, writes the length field and seeks back to the end of the
master element so that one can continue writing other elements.

But if one wants to modify the content of the master element itself,
then the seek back is superfluous. This is the scenario that presents
itself when writing the trailer: One wants to update several elements
contained in the Segment master element (this is the main/root master
element of a Matroska file) that were already written when writing the
header. The current approach is to seek to the beginning of the file
to update the elements, then seek to the end, call end_ebml_master()
which immediately seeks to the beginning to write the length and seeks
back. The seek to the end (which has only been performed because
end_ebml_master() uses the initial position to determine the length
of the master element) and the seek back are of course superfluous.

This commit avoids these seeks by no longer using start/end_ebml_master()
to write the segment's length field. Instead, it is now written
manually. The new approach is: Seek to the beginning to write the length
field, then update the elements (in the order they appear in the file)
and seek back to the end.

This reduces the ordinary amount of seeks of the Matroska muxer to two
(ordinary excludes scenarios where one has big Chapters or Attachments
or where one writes the Cues at the front).

Signed-off-by: Andreas Rheinhardt <andreas.rheinhardt at gmail.com>

> http://git.videolan.org/gitweb.cgi/ffmpeg.git/?a=commit;h=efeb3a53adddfba7b06131ee9d36a0c567ddf7d8

 libavformat/matroskaenc.c | 10 ++++++----
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/libavformat/matroskaenc.c b/libavformat/matroskaenc.c
index e9b2be3d42..dfc1563fc1 100644
--- a/libavformat/matroskaenc.c
+++ b/libavformat/matroskaenc.c
@@ -126,7 +126,6 @@ typedef struct MatroskaMuxContext {
     ebml_stored_master info;
     ebml_stored_master track;
     ebml_stored_master tags;
-    ebml_master     segment;
     int64_t         segment_offset;
     AVIOContext     *cluster_bc;
     int64_t         cluster_pos;        ///< file offset of the current cluster
@@ -1817,7 +1816,8 @@ static int mkv_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
     put_ebml_uint  (pb, EBML_ID_DOCTYPEREADVERSION,           2);
     end_ebml_master(pb, ebml_header);
-    mkv->segment = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEGMENT, 0);
+    put_ebml_id(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEGMENT);
+    put_ebml_size_unknown(pb, 8);
     mkv->segment_offset = avio_tell(pb);
     // we write a seek head at the beginning to point to all other level
@@ -2542,6 +2542,10 @@ static int mkv_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
+        if ((ret64 = avio_seek(pb, mkv->segment_offset - 8, SEEK_SET)) < 0)
+            return ret64;
+        put_ebml_length(pb, endpos - mkv->segment_offset, 8);
         ret = mkv_write_seekhead(pb, mkv, 1, mkv->info.pos);
         if (ret < 0)
             return ret;
@@ -2599,8 +2603,6 @@ static int mkv_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
         avio_seek(pb, endpos, SEEK_SET);
-        end_ebml_master(pb, mkv->segment);
     return ret2;

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